History. The official name of the state is Chiapas. It is believed to have come from the ancient city of Chiapan, which in Náhuatl means "the place where the chia. The U.S. Department of State warns U.S. citizens about the risk of traveling to certain parts of Mexico due to the activities of criminal organizations in those areas. States of Mexico; State Official Name Estado Libre y Soberano de (English: "Free and Sovereign State of") : Flag Capital Largest city Area Population (2010) Order of. .183; (CNN)At least 61 people have died after the most powerful earthquake to hit Mexico in a century struck off the southern coast. The magnitude 8.1 quake. MAIN LIBRARY. Perry-Castañeda Library 101 East 21st St. Austin, TX. 78713 Phone: (512) 495-4250 These beautiful waterfalls of Agua Azul are located 56 km from Palenque in the State of Chiapas, Mexico. Brief descriptions of each state and of major cities, with photos and attractions. Offers booking for tours and hotels. Seeks financial and support for autonomous Zapatista schools. Describes issues and past activities. Mexico has been independent during the whole of the 20th century. Other names of country: Danish: Mexico; Dutch: Mexico, Verenigde Mexicaanse Staten (formal) MEXonline.com Maps of Mexico collection, city and state maps, roads and major geographical landmarks.