Information about the types, causes, and effects of water pollution and what we can do to solve the problem. Includes: human health effects, overall ecological risks, and water pollution impacts everyone. Facts About Water Pollution Types of Water Pollution, Causes and Effects. Water pollution is a concern for every person on the earth. Water pollution is contamination. All types of pollution – air, water and soil pollution – have an impact on the living environment. The effects in living organisms may range from mild discomfort. Our rivers, lakes, and coastal waters have long been treated as unlimited resources, big and hardy enough to handle whatever we took out or dumped in. But that's not. Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment that cause adverse change. Pollution can take the form of chemical substances or energy. Oceans are polluted by oil on a daily basis from oil spills, routine shipping, run-offs and dumping. Oil spills make up about 12% of the oil that enters the ocean. 4 WATER POLLUTION—Management, Control and Treatment animal excreta, pesticides, etc is found in various rivers in India including Ganga, Yamuna, ADVERTISEMENTS: Some of adverse effects of water pollution are as follows: Water pollution adversely affects the health and life of man, animals and plants alike. Effects of water pollution. 1) Toxic rainfall can occur in areas where water and/or air is polluted with toxic chemicals and materials. 2) Polluted water can lead to.